Summary: The Acceleration/Deceleration rates are controlled using CV 3 and CV 4. These CVs are mandatory. This feature is used to simulate momentum.
Acceleration and Deceleration
This feature allows the user to adjust how rapidly the vehicle responds to speed change instructions. A value of zero in these CVs results in instantaneous response to throttle changes. Increasing the value in the CV slows the response. The multifunction decoder software may impose limits on how large a value can be used with these CVs.
The responsiveness can be adjusted, and is dependent on the speed step mode in use. Setting CV3 to a high value can give the impression that the multifunction decoder is not working, as it will take a long time for the vehicle to begin moving. The same is true for CV4, which impacts deceleration.
CV 3 and 4
Multifunction Decoders intended for the European market use a different multiplier.
The contents of these CVs are multiplied by 0.896 then divided by the number of speed steps to determine the rate of acceleration or braking. A value of zero disables the feature.
For example, at 128 speed step mode, a value of 2 in CV3 equals 2 × 0.896 ÷ 128 = 1.792 ÷ 128 = 0.014.
This means the acceleration rate is 14mS per step. At this rate, the vehicle will take 1.8 seconds to reach its top speed. Increasing the value in CV3 to 10 will result in the vehicle reaching its top speed in 9 seconds (0.896 × 10).
The same is true for CV4.
Putting a large value, such as 100, in the CV results in a long acceleration time, in the order of 90 seconds to reach 100%. Avoid large numbers as it can give the illusion that the decoder is defective.
Optional Acceleration and Deceleration Adjustment CVs
The intended purpose of the adjustment CVs is to make changes to the momentum to simulate the train's load and length, usually when consisted with other locomotives.
Acceleration Adjustment (CV 23)
This value is a 7 bit number (0-6) with the seventh bit reserved for the sign of the value.
Along with CV 24, CV 23 is used to fine tune the momentum features set in CVs 3 and 4. These come into play when multiple unit consists are assembled.
Deceleration / Braking (CV 24)
It is the same as CV 23, except CV 4 is acted on.
Decoders manufactured by European companies use a different factor for calculating the acceleration rates.