Printed Circuit Board (PCB)
Summary: Printed Circuit Boards are fiberglass panels plated with a copper layer. The copper can be chemically etched away to produce a series of interconnections for electronic components. Another application is for ties in hand-laid track, allowing the rails to be soldered to the copper.
A Printed Circuit Board (PCB) is how virtually all electronics are constructed these days. PCBs are usually made from copper-plated fiberglass where the desired circuit is etched into the copper and then the various components are soldered on.
Another term is Printed Wire Board, which means the same thing. The term has fallen out of use today.
PCB material is also used for ties in hand-laid track. When used in such an application a cut must be made in the copper foil to break the circuit. If not, the layout will short when power is applied to the track. This will mean hours finding the culprit and correcting the issue. Turnouts laid using PCB ties can be particularly troublesome in this respect.